When lunging, you stand in the middle and move with your horse's movements as it moves around you in a circle.
Under the best conditions, you can lunge your horse in a lunging ring with a non-slip floor. The diameter of the lunging circle should ideally be 14-16 metres. Of course, you can also lunge your horse in any riding arena or indoor arena.
In order for lunging to have a positive effect on your horse's health and muscling, it is important that your horse moves forward and downward, dropping its head and arching its back. Ideally, your horse will be able to do this without auxiliary reins.
If, however, your horse still has difficulty walking in line, you can support it with suitable auxiliary reins. The supportive bridle helps your horse arch its back and stretch forward and downward.
Frequent changes of pace or transitions and hand changes (which can be done every five minutes) ensure improved conditioning, targeted muscle development and variety when lunging.
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F.R.A. Wendy B Cavesson, Bitless Bridle, Leather Reins w/ Clip
The advantage of working with a cavessons is that you can lunge your horse in a more horse-friendly way without the use of a bridle and thus help it achieve the correct stretching posture and bend as naturally as possible. When you lunge your horse with a cavesson, this clearly shows the training condition of your horse, as it can move freely on the lunge line and is not supported by a bridle. However, as a cavesson can be quite sharp on your horse's neck and cervical spine, you should use it carefully so as not to harm your horse. Of course, you can also use a cavesson to tie up your horse.
Which cavesson is suitable?
A cavesson made of soft, smooth leather with adjustable straps is recommended for lunge training. To protect the sensitive nerve tracts, there should be room for two fingers between the cheekbone and the noseband.
Of course, you need a lunge line for lunging. These can be made of webbing or soft nylon material. You will have to decide for yourself which is better and more comfortable in your hand. The lunge line helps the horse get into the inside position and should always be hooked into the bit of the bridle under the auxiliary reins if you use it. With a cavesson, on the other hand, the lunge is usually attached to the middle ring of the noseband.
Alternatively, you can consider using a double lunge. This is buckled into both sides of the bit and also held in both hands. This allows you to position and control your horse even better from the ground. Another positive effect is the activation of the hindquarters, which is achieved by limiting the outer lunge.
A little tip: Be sure to lunge your horse with riding gloves so that you don't suffer burns on your hands if the lunge slips.
As an extended arm you can use a lunging whip, which can be made of different materials (fibreglass models are very light).
The lunging girth should have rings on the side of the belly and also rings at the top, which make it possible to buckle in auxiliary reins in different positions.
Whether you put leg protection on your horse or not is something you have to consider and assess. In principle, it is of course more sensible to work preventively. You can use normal hard-shell boots on the lunge line, as well as bell boots. You can also use bandages with or without bandage pads to protect your horse's sensitive pads and legs.